In 1326 Norway and the Novgorod Republic signed an agreement regarding taxation of the Kola Peninsula and Finnmark. [6] From 1902 to 1917 the border crossing was used to smuggle revolutionary Russian literature into Russia. [14] Cooperation concerning conservation of nature started in 1990. Ukraine. In response to Russia’s military buildup, the US and NATO have responded by conducted training exercises in the region from Alaska to the Barents Sea most recently as well as committing resources to the region. Turkey forms the border with the Black Sea in the north. The marker at the mouth of the Jakobselva was gone and had to be rebuilt, while several others had to be repaired. Prior to being dammed the river consisted of nine lakes and fifteen waterfalls. There were no permanent Norwegian settlements on the Kola Peninsula. The debate lasted only an hour, and all representatives of Norwegian political parties praised the agreement. A review was carried out in 1925. [28] In the late 1970s Norway, inspired by Finland, considered replacing the wooden poles with fibreglass as this would make them more durable and reduce maintenance. [29], On the Norwegian side there are no physical hindrances on the border and it is permitted to move all the way to the border itself, except for Storskog, Skafferhullet, and some hydro power stations, where there are fences where roads reach the border. Negotiations on the outside marine border were initiated in 1970. After forty years of deadlock, Russian and Norway have finally come to an agreement on the delimitation of the maritime border in the Barents Sea. New maps were completed in 2012. The basin countries of the Barents Sea are Russia and Norway (they drain into this body of water). It is around 1,300 kilometers (800 miles) long and 1,050 kilometers (650 miles) wide. [24] Photography from one country into the other is only permitted if the pictures do not include military personnel and installations, that tripods are not used and not using longer than 200 mm lenses.[70]. Tuesday’s exercise is unique as 20 different professional organizations, 10 from each country, worked side-by-side in the maritime border areas of the southern Barents Sea with their assets. Russian President Dmitri Medvedev had traveled to Oslo with the goal of discussing energy, economic cooperation, and cross-border cooperation. NATO’s maritime presence has been equally striking. It is only available for residents of the zone for the past three years and requires that a special ID-card be acquired from the consulate of the country to visit (a kind of multiple-journey visa). This took place at the same time as a review of the border and creation of new maps along a 2 to 3 kilometres (1.2 to 1.9 mi) wide corridor on both sides of the border line. Along the land borders the boundary markers were laid at a distance of 6 alen or 5 arshin (3.765 m or 12.35 ft). [1], The Soviet authorities made proposals to change the border. [33], In 2003 a new border station was opened at Borisoglebsk, financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Apart from being a major historical center, Murmansk is also an administrative town as well as a port. [43] The opposition criticized him for having accepted less than Norway's rightful claim. [27] On 7 December 1971 the two countries signed a protocol regarding protection of the fisheries in Jakobselven and Pasvikelven. [21] Norwegian border patrolling is undertaken by the Garrison of Sør-Varanger, which largely bases itself on use of conscripts. The Anglo-American squadron left. [1], The Moscow Armistice of 1944 and the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 ceded Petsamo and other Finnish areas to the USSR. In the North Atlantic, there are two such regional management organizations. The border, which cuts across an area thought to be rich in oil and gas, has been contested for decades. [40] After a similar agreement on border between Poland and Kaliningrad Oblast[82] it is the second time such a visa-free border agreement has been made between Russia and part of the Schengen Area. However, agreements regulating fisheries have also been introduced here. [34] Norway and Russia signed a protocol on 11 July 2007 which established the border through the Varangerfjord out 73 kilometres (45 mi) from land. Geodesic measurements were undertaken to establish the border in accordance with the Bessel ellipsoid. The agreement lays to rest a long-running Soviet-era row over the Barents Sea. [45] The arrest and conviction of Treholt in 1984 and 1985 had a devastating effect on Evensen, who withdrew completely from public life in Norway. This is the border in Europe with largest difference in fuel prices. Asked by Wiki User. The border line was defined by a treaty in 1826 and essentially remains the same border today. Apart from oil, the Norwegians also extract natural gas from the Barents Sea mainly from the Snøhvit field. The day before, August 31, a Su-27 fighter from the Russian Aerospace Force intercepted four NATO planes heading for the Russian border. ... they will not be European countries that border it, they will be African. The agreement was a compromise that ensured that each nation got a nearly equal portion of the disputed territory. Individual Norwegian police executives have called for a common border checkpoint located directly on the border line. The Barents Sea is bordered by the Kola Peninsula to the south, the shelf edge towards the Norwegian Sea to the west, and the archipelagos of Svalbard to the northwest, Franz Josef Land to the northeast and Novaya Zemlya to the east. [31], From 1991 to 1999 (Poland joining NATO), Norway was the only NATO country to share a land border with Russia. Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides and also a linking Asia and countries of the European continent. The result of the treaty was that Russia and Norway no longer had a common border. The Norwegian side is patrolled by the Garrison of Sør-Varanger and is under the jurisdiction of the Norwegian Border Commissioner, while the Russian side is patrolled by the Border Guard Service of Russia. [1] At the mouth of Jakobselva the maps from 1896 were of poor quality in combination with the thalweg having shifted since 1896. The law was titled Federal Law on Ratification of the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Kingdom of Norway on Maritime Delimitation and Cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. The Barents region has historically been an important area of integration and confrontation between Russia and the West. [86], Since 1992, there have been proposals to connect the Russian railway network to Norway. After a very short section in Finland, the river runs 22 kilometers (14 mi) through Russia before reaching the Norway–Russia border, after which is acts as a border river for 106 kilometers (66 mi). [24] The fence stretches the entire distance between the Barents Sea and the Gulf of Finland and was built during the Cold War to keep in the population of the Soviet Union. It further consists of a border between the two countries' exclusive economic zones (EEZ) in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. Geography. This was terminated on 29 December 1958, when the responsibility was transferred to the Norwegian Army, who created the Garrison of Sør-Varanger. The river of Pasvikelva is 128 kilometers (80 mi) long and runs through the valley of Pasvikdalen. Since the 1960s there has been disagreement as to the border between the two countries' EEZs, but this was resolved by a delimitation agreement in 2010. The treasure hunt began only hours after the treaty went into force on July 7, 2011. The country has a total area of 780,000 square miles. This caused a decrease in allied interest in Norway's border issue, leaving Norway more to itself in managing the relationship. A compromise treaty announced 27 th of April 2010 settled the border in the approximate middle of these two stances. Read in Russian | Читать по-русски The organization faced several challenges that made it difficult to fulfill its mandate. Ukraine is a self-governing state located in the Eastern part of Europe, and it borders the Black Sea to the North. The Barents Sea is classified as a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. They are not open to public. [67][68], The border is marked with 415 border markers, consisting of 387 pairs of poles, 25 cairns, two lead markers and one stake. [32] The Russian part was formally established in 1992 and the Norwegian part the following year. These are the two Paatsjoki river hydroelectric plants: Hevoskoski and Skogfoss. [3], A Soviet border provocation on 7 June 1968, together with the invasion of Czechoslovakia that year and a general increase in Soviet military activity on the Norwegian border, contributed to a large increase in the funding for the Norwegian military presence on the border. What country is less than a hundred miles from the northeastern tip of Russia? [73] The Norwegian Border Commissioner also has representatives at the checkpoint. The Arctic route involves fewer border crossings and avoids any dangerous sea crossings. [37] However, it was removed a month later, along with the checkpoint at Titovka. Several towns are located in the Norwegian section of the Barents Sea, and one of the most important is Vardø which in 2017 was home to about 1,875 people. There is a single border crossing, on E105, located at Storskog in Norway and Borisoglebsky (Boris Gleb) in Russia. Changes in environmental and social conditions are … During the Cold War, the border was one of two between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Soviet Union, the other being the Soviet Union–Turkey border. Russia leads all Arctic countries in ice breakers and Arctic capable nuclear powered ships and submarines. nr. Border checkpoints were established at Skafferhullet and Boris Gleb. Later a telephone connection was installed and the parties agreed on two hours each week day that they were to be available along with an interpreter. [1], Work started in 2011 on the Russian side and 2014 on the Norwegian side[35] of the border to upgrade the E105 highway. The Russian markers have a pattern of alternating red and green, each 18 centimeters (7.1 in) tall. The Barents Sea has played a significant role in Norway's history as early communities sailed on its waters and therefore giving it the name the Murman Sea. [47], During a meeting in Oslo on 27 April 2010, President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister of Norway Jens Stoltenberg announced that the territorial dispute in the Barents Sea was settled. The thalweg principle was followed in the Jakobselva and Pasvikelva Rivers. The country has several cities located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, including Bandar-e Anzali, Sakht Sar, and Bandar-e Torkeman. [69] Within lies the Border Security Zone which civilians are not permitted access to. The territorial dispute meant proven offshore oil and gas deposits had not been exploited. The two nations finally reached an agreement in 2010 during a meeting in Oslo attended by the leaders of the respective governments. It consists of a customs area and a border control area, both with independent checks. The Parliament of Norway's Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence has taken initiative to introduce a 24-hour-a-day opening time at the crossing; this has been rejected by the local police district, who stated that nearly all trans-border traffic is persons and that there is hardly any demand for a night service. [11] Markers in soil were dug down 2 meters (6 ft 7 in) and markers on bedrock were fastened with four bolts. The Murmansk–Nikel Line was built in 1936, is 206 kilometres (128 mi) long, is not electrified and is operated by the Russian Railways. [18], Initially all meetings between the Norwegian and Soviet commissioners and their staff was held at the Storskog–Boris Gleb crossing. [72] Crossing time at both stations is unpredictable and depends of the amount of traffic. The road is located outside the barbed-wire fence which stretches along Russia's entire Norway and Finland border. There is a single border crossing, on E105, located at Storskog in Norway and Borisoglebsky (Boris Gleb) in Russia. such as clothes and electronics, are more expensive in Russia because of tolls so Russians often buy them tax-free in Kirkenes. The sea was one of the most difficult for sailors to cross which made them refer to it as both "The Devil's Jaw" and "The Devil's Dance Floor." Specifically this involves extending Norway's Kirkenes–Bjørnevatn Line to either Nikel or Zapolyarny, Russia, where it would connect to the Murmansk–Nikel Line. As Norway grants the right to travel right up to the border, it is also permitted for residents of Norway to operate boats in the two border rivers and fish. Both poles have the respective country's coat of arms on the side facing the border. However, the first appearance since the end of the Cold War in the Barents and Okhotsk Seas of NATO warships equipped with anti-ballistic missile defense systems and cruise missiles was the escalation of tension. [1] No border line was drawn, creating a marchland where both countries held the right to taxation of the Sami. Another important project in the Russian region of the Barents Sea is the Prirazlomnoye field. Norway and Finland. [74], The Border Guard Service of Russia operates the border crossing at Borisoglebsky. Russian residents of Murmansk Oblast, Arkhangelsk Oblast and Nenets Autonomous Okrug can obtain Pomor visas, a multi-entry Schengen visa, without an invitation. [5] There was a limited amount of trans-border trade, and import for personal use under certain volumes was customs-free. Many Norwegians believed that Evensen and Treholt gave too many concessions to the Soviet Union, and that they were motivated by Soviet sympathies. Both countries claimed a 175,000 sq km (67,567 sq mile) zone, … Each group consists of two Norwegians and two Russians and the inspection takes two to three days. Most of the maintenance is undertaken during the summer. [3], The border was reviewed in 1846; a cairn was constructed at Krokfjellet, and the land border from the sea to Golmmešoaivi was cleared. One of the most significant natural gas fields is known as the Shtokman field and is located in the Russian region of the Barents Sea. Russia obtains some economic benefits from being close to the Barents Sea primarily in the sectors of oil and gas exploration. This raised the question of utilizing Pasvikelven for hydroelectricity. The two governments initially disagreed on the border markings to be used with the Soviets favoring the use of wooden markers while the Norwegians favored the use of Cairns. That has left the 175,000 square kilometer big area in the Barents Sea unexploited since the 1970s due to the border dispute. The issue between the two nations dates back to the 20th century when Finland got Petsamo from the Russians as part of the Treaty of Tartu. [4], During the late 19th century customs checkpoints were established at Elvenes and Grense Jakobselv. Because of the unique location of the Barents Sea, it has a large population of fish. [30], The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 caused the Norway–Soviet Union border to become the Norway–Russia border. In addition, in the past week, Russian fighters had to take off three times to escort a Norwegian Air Force aircraft over the Barents Sea. The Barents Sea lies between the Svalbard archipelago (“Spitsbergen”, Norway) in the northwest, Franz Josef Land (Russia) in the North, Novaya Zemlya in the East and the mainland of northwest Russia and Scandinavia in the South. [30] A large amount of the initial traffic was from Russians who sold crafts and souvenirs at markets and fairs throughout Finnmark. Norwegian authorities gave permission for customs-free transit of wares along Pasvikelva. Which Countries Have A Coastline On The Barents Sea? Norwegian border police issued an announcement in 2016 that it is forbidden to cross the border on land, water and in air, including at border markers (except with permission or at the border station), or to have contact with people across the border or throw things over the border. Russian authorities agreed, but because of the Russo-Turkish War no work was undertaken. Afterwards there is a common debriefing. NATO’s maritime presence has been equally striking. ... the process of mapping the resources on their respective sides of the border and the new agreement make sure that both countries can get the seismic data they need, the Norwegian Ministry informs. [17], On the Norwegian side the border was from 1948 to 1950 patrolled by the National Mobile Police Service. It remains the only barbed-wire fence along a Russian border in Europe. al., 2011). [15] The whole county of Finnmark was regarded by NATO as a buffer zone. [1], Each country has the responsibility for maintenance of its boundary markers and keeping the clear-cut zone. The warm Norway Current flows northeastward off the Norway coast and produces generally ice-free conditions. [24] In August each year there is a common inspection of the entire border. There are more roads which cross the border and connect to the road network of both countries. The Norwegian markers are yellow with a 18 centimeters (7.1 in) tall black top—this was chosen because it would be most visible in all types of weather and lighting. Upon reaching the end of the transit zone there is another checkpoint at which there is performed a check of passports. At Grensefoss Norway owned land on both sides of the border, but there was no interest by the Norwegian authorities to change the border as they wanted it to remain the same as from 1826. Also the historic border crossing at Skafferhullet has such a road, and there is one over the upper part of Jakobselva river. The field review took place between 1 July and 4 September 1947. [55] The area is located west of Shtokman, one of the world's largest natural gas fields. The Norwegian oil company Statoil brought its … [10] A common commission was created to the review the border, with negotiations taking place from 1 to 16 August 1946. Black Sea Countries Map . [61] An estimated 5,500[62] to 10,800[63] migrants, mostly from Syria, crossed the border riding bicycles. Except Sea of Japan the all of the other eastern coast is icy and not shipworthy. Ready for cross-border seismic shooting in Barents Sea More than two years overdue, Norway and Russia sign the agreement that will allow them to map oil and gas resources in joint borderlands. There are suggestions about a new larger border checkpoint to be built on the Norwegian side, as the current station has insufficient capacity to handle increased traffic, and the ground is not sufficiently stable to allow an expansion at the current site. The treaty also defines the principles of cooperation in hydrocarbons deposits exploration. Petsamo was ceded to the Soviet Union in 1944 and the Norway–Soviet Union border was established. https://www.answers.com/Q/What_countries_border_the_Barents_Sea It was initially a Norwegian proposal to protect the important bird area and lake of Fjærvann, and resulted in a joint Norwegian and Russian Pasvik Nature Reserve. The two countries have already begun developing the natural resources buried beneath the floor of the Barents Sea. There are restrictions on food import in both directions, especially meat, and alcohol may only be imported into Norway if staying in Russia more than 24 hours, so food and alcohol are less often traded, which otherwise are the most traded goods over the Sweden-Norway and Finland–Norway borders. The reserves on the Goliat site are estimated to be about 174 million barrels. It is carried out by three groups, each which cover a third of the border. Boating is only permitted in daylight. [16] Norwegian military leaders regarded the population in the county as potentially unreliable, and did not trust that they would be willing to defend their country against intruders, on account of the county's special ethnic and political composition, specifically Sami people and a higher number of communist sympathizers than elsewhere. Norwegians buy petrol and diesel in Russia for less than half the price in Norway. Apart from natural gas, the area has light oil and natural gas liquids. This ensured that Russia–Norway border relations were a relevant matter for other NATO allies. 31 (2000–2001): Om lov om endring i politiloven (begrenset politimyndighet til militære grensevakter på den norsk-russiske grense)", "Utviklingen i forholdet Norge – Russland med særlig vekt på nordområdene", "Russia sets up yet another border checkpoint", "More capacity at Storskog border crossing point", "Visa-free travel for border inhabitants from May 29", "- Dette er mange fjær i hatten for Jens", "UPDATE 3-Russia and Norway strike Arctic sea border deal", "Russia and Norway Reach Accord on Barents Sea", Law on ratification of treaty between Russia and Norway on maritime delimitation, Russia and Norway sign maritime border agreement, "Russian upper house ratifies Norway border deal", "Treaty between the Kingdom of Norway and the Russian Federation concerning Maritime Delimitation and Cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean", "Overenskomst mellom Kongeriket Norge og Den Russiske Føderasjon om maritim avgrensning og samarbeid i Barentshavet og Polhavet", July/ "Seismic acquisition start-up in the Barents Sea East – 8 July", "Taking the Arctic route: migrants cycle from Russia to Norway", "Norway tells refugees who used cycling loophole to enter to return to Russia | World news", "Refugees Choose Russia's Arctic as a Backdoor to Europe", "Coast guards will exchange electronic information", "Politi.no - Framferd og ferdsel i grenseområdet", "As new road bridges neighboring Norway and Russia, eyes turn towards missing link on border", "One border–joint Norwegian-Russian checkpoint at Storskog-Boris Gleb", "Både norsk og russisk næringsliv ønsker seg en jernbane mellom Nikel og Kirkenes, et prosjekt som kan beløpe seg til 1,4 milliarder kroner", "Murmansk port faces foreign competitors", Full text of the 2010 maritime border treaty, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Norway–Russia_border&oldid=1000976938, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 17:24. It sweeps the coasts of Russia and Norway, as well as archipelagos Spitsbergen, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya. The sea's present name was chosen to honor one of the most famous explorers from the Netherlands, Willem Barentsz. In modern times, the Barents Sea is of great economic importance to the Norwegian government due to the oil fields located in the region. All four were built by Norwegian contractors and as the sites were all built on both sides of the border, they required increased flexibility of border crossing procedures. Finland receives compensation for the impact on Lake Inari, which is regulated for level difference of 1.75 meters (5 ft 9 in). This was accelerated by significantly lower prices in Russia compared to Norway. East: Bering Strait, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Tatarskiy strait, Sea of Japan. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on October 10 2018 in World Facts. Ready for cross-border seismic shooting in Barents Sea. Russia's Onega fishing trawler sank in the northern Barents Sea off the coast of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago, Arkhangelsk region, the Russian Federation. What is the Difference Between the Vatican City and the Holy See. This was to reduce the need for maintenance, as the new markers are expected to have a life span up to fifty years, compared to five to ten years for wooden poles. The government of Norway also supports research into the Barents Sea to maintain its natural ecosystem. There was to be a free line of sight from each pair of markers to the next. The Barents Sea was once known as the Murmanskoye Morye by … On the Russian side there is a fence located anywhere between 0 and 5 kilometers (0 and 3 mi) from the border. Production finally started a year later, and experts predict that it will go on for nearly 15 years. Earlier in May, Norwegian army soldiers have been exercising wargame in northern Finland, while the Russian navy was shooting artillery in the Norwegian Sea. The Norwegian Border Commissioner is based in Kirkenes and is subordinate to the National Police Directorate. A deposit which is crossed by the maritime border may only be exploited as a whole subject to a bilateral agreement. The planned 1921 review was not carried out. His successor Christian IV traveled along the Finnmark coast in 1599 to increase the weight of the claims. It further consists of a border between the two countries' exclusive economic zones (EEZ) in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. [48][49] The agreement is a compromise which divides a disputed area of around 175,000 square kilometers (68,000 sq mi) into two approximately equally sized parts. Russian President Dmitri Medvedev had traveled to Oslo with the goal of discussing energy, economic cooperation, and cross-border cooperation. In 1920 Petsamo was ceded to Finland and the border became part of the Finland–Norway border. Fishing and boating is only permitted on the Norwegian side of the river; however in the narrow passages of Pasvikelva it is permitted to travel through on the Russian side on the condition that the boat does not stop, except in emergencies. New Dano-Norwegian requests were raised in 1793, 1797, and 1809, without action from their Russian counterpart. It was agreed that there would be a review every twenty-five years, which was formalized through a declaration the following year. It further consists of a border between the two countries' exclusive economic zones (EEZ) in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. [29] In 1989 there were 2,000 border crossings. Two countries have a coastline on the Barents Sea; Norway and Russia. Denmark–Norway's King Frederick II responded by renewing the Norwegian claim to all land to the White Sea. [21], The area on both sides of the river saw an increased industrialization, especially Sydvaranger in Norway and Pechenganikel (now, part of MMC Norilsk Nickel) in Russia. This accelerated the need for a specific border line. Each of the pairs of poles are both located 2 meters (6 ft 7 in) from the border, unless the border runs through water. The ecosystem follows the entire shoreline and extends approximately 31 miles inland at its widest point. [12] The countries therefore agreed on a new line based on a Norwegian proposal, in exchange for the Soviet Union receiving three islets, including Kistholmen and Brennholmen, in the Pasvik River. This resulted in Norway and the Soviet Union no longer having a common border. [53] Medvedev signed a law ratifying the treaty on 8 April 2011. [80] Towns within the area include Kirkenes in Norway and Nikel, Pechenga and Zapolyarny in Russia. The bodies of water that border Russia are the White Sea, Barents Sea, Kara Sea, and the Chukchi Sea. Both Oslo and Moscow can now rightfully map the area that has been ruled by a moratorium since 1980. According to treaty between the Kingdom of Norway and the Russian Federation concerning maritime delimitation and cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean , the maritime borders in the Barents Sea are fixed now and, thus, there are no disputed areas in the region. The border, which cuts across an area thought to be rich in oil and gas, has been contested for decades. [71] This is already written in the law. There are five main motivations for trans-border traffic: shopping in border towns, business, vacation and leisure, visiting friends and relatives, and transfer to other destinations via Kirkenes Airport, Høybuktmoen. After the visa-free arrangement was activated, border trade has picked up. About 40 kilometres (25 mi) of railway is missing to connect the two lines. The two countries have already begun developing the natural resources buried beneath the floor of the Barents Sea. [1] Up until the 1940s the border had been open, without border controls; farmers at Grense Jakobselv, for instance, did not need to worry about whether or not their cattle were on the correct side of the border. The entire border area was mapped in 1:20,000. Stay is limited to 15 days. The agreement lays to rest a long-running Soviet-era row over the Barents Sea. A submarine ridge linking Greenland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, and north Scotland separates the Norwegian Sea from the open Atlantic. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. What country is the Barents sea near? The day before, August 31, a Su-27 fighter from the Russian Aerospace Force intercepted four NATO planes heading for the Russian border. [55] Seismic acquisition in Norway's new maritime zone started on 8 July 2011, and is scheduled to be completed in summer 2012. An agreement was signed in 1957 which would result in the construction of four power stations, the Paatsjoki River Hydroelectric Plants, of which two were owned by each of the countries. Norway joined a union with Sweden in 1814 and two years later King Carl John again tried to start negotiations, without success. [1] Norway initially proposed using cairns to mark the border, but the Soviet Union wanted to use the same method as along its other borders, with wooden markers, each 2 meters (6 ft 7 in) from the border line. [39] Estimates show that border traffic may increase to 400,000 crossings by the mid- to late 2010s. Russia’s largest fleet, the Northern Fleet, is based on the coast of the Kola Peninsula and has access to the North Atlantic via the Barents Sea for its surface ships and submarines. What European country borders Russia between the Baltic sea and the Barents sea? Neighboring marginal seas of the Barents Sea are the European North Sea to the West, the White Sea to the south and the Kara Sea to the East, which joins …