[59] The tundra-type region in the north is snowbound for four months every year, and the temperature drops below 0 °C (32 °F) almost every night. Trade through the pass remains hampered by Sikkim's limited infrastructure and government restrictions in both India and China, though the volume of traded goods has been steadily increasing.[91][92]. The GMC was abolished under the Sikkim (Repeal and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1985and its power and functions were reverted to Local Self Government. Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The terms of the treaty also included increased popular participation in government, and five general elections based on adult suffrage were held between 1952 and 1974. The Sikkim basin is drained by the Tista River and its tributaries, such as the Rangit, Lhonak, Talung, and Lachung, which have cut deep valleys into the mountains. valley represents de-glaciated area, now housing a wide range of alpine flowers and meadow Sebu stream draining out from seasonal snow in the month of May, 2008, North Sikkim . The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. [119], The majority of Sikkim's residents are of Nepali ethnic origin. Round the year, Sikkim welcomes various tourists from different regions of India as well as the world. Other major peaks—all above 23,000 feet (7,000 metres)—include Tent, Kabru, and Pauhunri. Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, Amit Kumar3 and Ashok Kumar Jain3 1Department of Botany, Namchi Government College, South Sikkim - 737126, Sikkim 2School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior - 474011, M.P. Ropeways, which are similar to ski lifts, also have been provided at many points. Vide Notification No.7 (17)/Home dated 28th July1990, the Local Self Government was renamed as Urban Development and Housing Department. Evidently the housing pattern has been changing fast wheresoever motorable roads enter. Its small size notwithstanding, Sikkim is of great political and strategic importance for India because of its location along several international boundaries. This type of soil tends to support evergreen and deciduous forests. Sikkim University began operating in 2008 at Yangang, which is situated about 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Singtam. This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 05:12. A British political officer was subsequently appointed to assist the chogyal in the administration of Sikkim’s domestic and foreign affairs, in effect becoming the virtual ruler of the state. [81][82] Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. Sikkim: State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) for FY 2015-16 4 7. [102] The five-station line is intended to support both economic development and Indian Army operations and was initially planned to be completed by 2015,[103][104] though as of 2013 its construction has met with delays. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Forbes, Andrew; Henley, David (2011). In Gangtok, temperatures in January (the coldest month) drop into the low 30s F (about 0 °C); in August (the warmest month), temperatures may reach the low 80s F (about 28 °C). [86] Power is also obtained from the National Thermal Power Corporation and Power Grid Corporation of India. As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim is the largest Christian denomination in Sikkim. [67], Sikkim has four districts – East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. Important local dailies and weeklies include Hamro Prajashakti (Nepali daily), Himalayan Mirror (English daily), the Samay Dainik, Sikkim Express (English), Kanchanjunga Times (Nepali weekly), Pragya Khabar (Nepali weekly) and Himali Bela. 73 The river influences the life pattern and economy of the Sikkimese and others in Eastern India, parts of West Bengal and Bangladesh (Mukhopadya 1982). Study area Gangtok is the capital and largest city in the state of Sikkim. Sikkim - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [121], According to the 2011 census, 57.8% follow Hinduism, making it the state's majority religion. [112] In 2005, 73.2 per cent of Sikkim's households were reported to have access to safe drinking water,[109] and the state's large number of mountain streams assures a sufficient water supply. Government have announced to fill all vacant positions in Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Department which is gift for jobseekers in 2020, who can find more than Vacancy in different department of Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Recruitment boards. Gangtok is in the eastern Himalayan range, at an elevation of 1,650 m (5,410 ft). Per capita consumption of electricity in Sikkim was approximately 182 kWh in 2006. Of the approximately 1,438 butterfly species found in the Indian subcontinent, 695 have been recorded in Sikkim. In 1979, after a period of instability, a popular ministry headed by Nar Bahadur Bhandari, leader of the Sikkim Sangram Parishad Party, was sworn in. Depending on elevation and exposure, annual precipitation varies from 50 to 200 inches (1,270 to 5,080 mm), most occurring during the months of the southwest monsoon (May through October). The housing pattern of the Savara is of linear type. One might come across a number of tea estates in Sikkim that form an integral part of Sikkim agriculture. Sikkim has several hospitals and, in each district, at least one community health centre. The Singalila Range separates Sikkim from Nepal in the west, while the Dongkya Range forms the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the east. These three communities are the Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalis. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction.[109]. Sal (a type of hardwood), pandanus, palms, bamboos, ferns, and orchids are common in the subtropical forests found below about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres). The great majority of Sikkim’s population is rural, living in scattered hamlets and villages. Remote sensing techniques have been used for extracting different thematic details including landslide zones, roads, stream network, land use/ land cover pattern from satellite data of IRS 1D LISS III bands 2, 3 and 4. The capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state. Ravongla, Jorethang, Namchi and Yangyang are the subdivisions of the South district. On 8 December 2008, it was announced that Sikkim had become the first state in India to achieve 100 per cent sanitation coverage, becoming completely free of public defecation, thus attaining the status of "Nirmal State". A state council was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the Chogyal. Tibetans reside mostly in the northern and eastern reaches of the state.