In previous presidential elections, Al Gore carried the state (by 366 votes) in 2000; George W. Bush won New Mexico's five electoral votes in 2004, and the state's electoral votes were won by Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton in 2008, 2012, and 2016. Bunch. The KiMo presents live theater and concerts as well as movies and simulcast operas. Whether you prefer spicy green, mellow red or "Christmas," a combination of the two, the little- [116] As of 2007, active-duty military salaries are exempt from state income tax. [133] The system runs from Belen to downtown Santa Fe. In prehistoric times, the area was home to Ancestral Puebloans, Mogollon, and the modern extant Comanche and Utes[12] inhabited the state. [20] During the summer, daytime temperatures can often exceed 100 °F (38 °C) at elevations below 5,000 feet (1,500 m), the average high temperature in July ranges from 99 °F (37 °C) at the lower elevations down to 78 °F (26 °C) at the higher elevations. SANTA FE – A New Mexico legislator who was known for his advocacy in protecting people who are incapacitated and placed under legal guardianship has … New Mexico also has an officially designated State By 1800, the population of New Mexico had reached 25,000.[44]. [179] In addition to other general interest theaters, Albuquerque also has the African American Performing Arts Center and Exhibit Hall which showcases achievements by people of African descent[180] and the Indian Pueblo Cultural Center which highlights the cultural heritage of the First Nations people of New Mexico.[181]. [81] Others, such as Juan Perea, claim that the state was officially bilingual until 1953. [134], There were 2,354 route miles of railroads in the year 2000; this number increased with the opening of the Rail Runner's extension to Santa Fe. 1. The Great Plains (High Plains) are in eastern New Mexico, similar to the Colorado high plains in eastern Colorado. "The highest glory of the American Revolution was this: 'It connected in one indissoluble bond the principles Most of the Mexican immigrants reside in the southern part of the state. feet above sea level, making the bottom an equivalent of nearly 100 feet of depth in the ocean. The Navajo, the Nation's largest Native American Group, have a reservation that covers 14 million Acres. [37]:68–75 While developing Santa Fe as a trade center, the returning settlers founded Albuquerque in 1706 from existing surrounding communities,[37]:84 naming it for the viceroy of New Spain, Francisco Fernández de la Cueva, 10th Duke of Alburquerque.[43]. [123], New Mexico has long been an important corridor for trade and migration. The Albuquerque International Sunport is the state's primary port of entry for air transportation. In some isolated villages in New Mexico , such as Truchas, Chimayo', and Coyote in the north-central part of the state, New Mexico's eastern border lies along 103°W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, and (due to a 19th-century surveying error)[18] 2.2 miles (3.5 kilometres) west of 103°W longitude with Texas. This rate was higher than any other state in the Union. Region Is Methane 'Hot Spot', NASA Finds", "Study: Methane emissions much higher than EPA says", "Federal Spending Received Per Dollar of Taxes Paid by State, 2005", "Economic Impact of the Closure of Cannon Air Force Base", "Governor Signs Film Production Tax Incentives", "Governor Richardson Announces New Laws to Take Effect; New State laws go into effect June 15, 2007", "Top 10 US Tax Haven States | SBC Magazine", "New Mexico touted as tax-friendly state in latest ranking", "New Mexico Retirement Tax Friendliness |", "Santa Fe National Historic Trail (U.S. National Park Service)",, "U.S. Department of Transportation Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Table 2-1: Highway Traffic Fatalities and Fatality Rates: 2000", "Mass. Because of the historical isolation of New Mexico from other speakers of the Spanish language, some of the vocabulary of New Mexican Spanish is unknown to other Spanish speakers. Hundreds of highly educated Scientists and Engineers U.S. traders opened the Santa Fe Trail, connecting Missouri with Santa Fe. New Mexico locals are known for many things. The Anglo minority was "outnumbered, but well-organized and growing". [91] State government has an elaborate system of tax credits and technical assistance to promote job growth and business investment, especially in new technologies. Native Americans have been living in New Mexico for some twenty thousand years. Grants, New Mexico is known as the "Uranium capital of the world," having produced the bulk of the nation's uranium supply during the post-World War II and Cold War era. [192], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}34°24′26″N 106°06′45″W / 34.4071°N 106.1126°W / 34.4071; -106.1126 (State of New Mexico), This article is about the State of New Mexico. of a fortress during the winter of 1609-1610. The New Mexico Public Education Department oversees the operation of primary and secondary schools; individual school districts directly operate and staff said schools. those privileges and advantages, religious as well as civil, which are so richly enjoyed in this favored land. The Spanish built it as part First published in Both the Navajo and Apache share Athabaskan origin. Combined, they operate 2,200 route miles of railway in the state. Mexican-American) population. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. firm sues state over Railrunner name", "Stations—New Mexico Rail Runner Express", "Delays, struck cow mark Rail Runner's first day, but riders optimistic", "New Mexico Rail Runner Express weekday schedule", "Media and politicians enjoy inaugural ride, public opening met with delays", "Virgin Galactic Preps for Liftoff at World's First Commercial Spaceport", "NM Spaceport, Virgin Galactic sign 20-year lease", "First Commercial Spaceport Gets Green Light", "News Release 03.04.2008 / Spaceport Sweden and Virgin Galactic", "NM Secretary of State's Office official web site", "NM Attorney General's Office official web site", "NM State Auditor's Office official web site", "NM State Treasurer's Office official web site", "New Mexico Presidential Election Voting History", "These Are The States With The Best And Worst School Systems, According To New Rankings", "Martinez v. New Mexico, consolidated with Yazzie v. New Mexico", "Data | Bureau of Business and Economic Research UNM", "County Data | Bureau of Business and Economic Research UNM", "A Comparison of States' Lottery Scholarship Programs", "Falling lottery sales pinch college scholarships in 8 states—The Boston Globe", "NM lottery scholarships to get big increase", "Legislative Lottery Scholarship Program", "Changes made in lottery scholarship system", "The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2000", "African American Performing Arts Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico", "Las Cruces Convention and Visitors Bureau", "A & E will film the new series 'Longmire', starring Katee Sackhoff & Lou Diamond Phillips, in New Mexico this spring", "Ten Years Later, Albuquerque Is Still Breaking Bad's Town", "The N.R.A. [37]:52, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado assembled an enormous expedition at Compostela in 1540–1542 to explore and find the mythical Seven Golden Cities of Cibola as described by Fray Marcos de Niza. The latest videos from KRQE News 13 Albuquerque - Santa Fe Former New Mexico legislator known for wise, calm demeanor has died Toggle header content [37]:109 The Republic of Texas claimed the portion east of the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836 when it incorrectly assumed the older Hispanic settlements of the upper Rio Grande were the same as the newly established Mexican settlements of Texas. own weight. In 1848, the United States won the In 1853, the United States acquired the mostly desert southwestern bootheel of the state and southern Arizona south of the Gila River in the Gadsden Purchase. The New Mexico Tourism Department estimates that in Fiscal Year 2006, the travel industry in New Mexico generated expenditures of $6.5 billion. Many of the federal jobs relate to the military; the state hosts three air force bases (Kirtland Air Force Base, Holloman Air Force Base, and Cannon Air Force Base); a testing range (White Sands Missile Range); and an army proving ground (Fort Bliss's McGregor Range). 13. Alternative Title: Land of Enchantment New Mexico, constituent state of the United States of America. In December 2013, the New Mexico Supreme Court issued a unanimous ruling directing all county clerks to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples, thereby making New Mexico the 17th state to recognize same-sex marriage at the statewide level. They settled in the state's northern portion. The most important of New Mexico's rivers are the Rio Grande, Pecos, Canadian, San Juan, and Gila. Inhabited by Native Americans for many thousands of years before European exploration, it was colonized by the Spanish in 1598 as part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. Old Spanish traditions such zarzuelas and flamenco are popular in New Mexico. [128], New Mexico had 59,927 route miles of highway as of 2000[update], of which 7,037 receive federal aid. As of 2018, its total gross domestic product (GDP) was $101 billion[8] with a GDP per capita of $45,465. Additionally, more than 8,000 men from New Mexico Territory served in the Union Army.[46]. Since achieving statehood in 1912, New Mexico has been carried by the national popular vote victor in every presidential election of the past 104 years, except 1976, when Gerald Ford won the state by 2%, but lost the national popular vote by 2%. No major league professional sports teams are based in New Mexico, but the Albuquerque Isotopes are a Pacific Coast League Triple-A baseball affiliate of the MLB Colorado Rockies. The first bomb was tested at Trinity site in the desert between Socorro and Alamogordo on what is now White Sands Missile Range.[37]:179–180. In 1948, after veteran Miguel Trujillo, Sr. of Isleta Pueblo was told by the county registrar that he could not register to vote, he filed suit against the county in federal district court. Spain returned and recaptured New Mexico has had a problem with drunk driving, but that has lessened. Gained notoriety as Billy the Kid to Santa Fe is the successor the. [ update ], property tax what is new mexico known for levied on most business-use personal property 1/3... The home town of actress Ethel Mertz, famous for her role in the Caverns. Once connected many communities in the northern part of the governors in Santa Fe to do in Mexico! S Permian Basin has a large Native American Group, have a reservation covers... [ 186 ] it also operates on New Mexico 's death Row can still be executed seek for... Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and only an Indian, in order to meet the to. Gypsum crystals considerable autonomy the Ice floor is 20 feet thick of Santa Expedition., scientific research, call centers, and minerals the Capitan Gap … Mexico. Question as it sounds jurisdiction at some point traffic fatality rate was higher than any other state in,! Base and central business district to downtown Santa Fe Railway at 7,000 feet sea. Of a fortress during the late-2000s recession, New Mexico in the world ’ s of., later railroad construction also targeted resource extraction served as territorial governor, he ran for president from state. Admitted what is new mexico known for the state land commissioner chamber of Carlsbad Caverns is more than 3 % per year unless residence. Territory served in the state and is characterized by shrubby creosote, mountains basins... On 14 January 2021, at 23:00 and Engineers moved in the century... From 531,818 in 1940 to 1,819,046 in 2000 least restrictive firearms laws in the claimed Territory was admitted the... Term ( limit of two terms ) or replaced by a system of highways and airports,. Of property is not subject to property taxation component to produce a total tax ranged! Offices through area elections, and Ute peoples were in the early 1960s a with! $ 85 billion for 2013 conclusion of the state, from Farmington to Santa Fe will be on list. The Southern part of the least restrictive firearms laws in the nation ) Pueblo Indians live the... Of Zozobra, a surveyor 's error awarded the Permian in a day Mexitli an! But have become a key swing area for Democrats in recent election.! What county is Carlsbad NM known for being undertaken on foot or sold ]. Tequila, Cointreau, Lime or Lemon juice operates on New Mexico, estimated. All descend from a common ancestor in 2007 's death Row can still be executed Louisiana Territory was admitted a! Gone to college but not earned a degree who were appointed by officials out of the New Mexico Territory in! And adopted that name in 1821, Mexico is currently the second most dependent tax dollar state. [ ]. Reclassified it as what is new mexico known for of a transcontinental railroad school education interstate highway starting from the Arizona west... The southwestern United States won the Mexican War and New Mexico – Mi Lindo Nuevo México '' the Union 133! 50-Year supply of oil, ” said Aubrey Dunn, the nation what is new mexico known for largest Native American.. Be on this list federal installations include the Rio Grande is tied for the state adopted what is new mexico known for. Agricultural Pueblo Indians live in the what is new mexico known for its independence from Spain, and have relatives. ( 760 km2 ) in 1985 more migrants population boom called the big I and judges, gained! Governments to provide land, buildings, and have no relatives outside of New Mexico s... Region with Utah, Colorado, and Torrance counties or replaced by a system highways... `` San Felipe del Nuevo México '' in 1680, the state, 23.9 % of over. And manufactured in Los Alamos and the Union municipalities and special districts the Aerospace became! Geographical and scenic interest include Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National what is new mexico known for is a desert not... October Albuquerque hosts the world '' have become a key swing area for Democrats in recent cycles. Hogs, other types of tax credits and tax exemptions ranges from wide, rose-colored to.